Clean air is essential for the health and quality of life for all. Due to the regular exceedance of air pollutant limit values in German cities and due to the lawsuit filed by the European Commission against Germany as part of the infringement proceedings, more and more municipalities are faced with the task of reducing NOx emissions as promptly and sustainably as possible. In city of Munich, the limit of immissions for nitrogen dioxide has been significantly exceeded for years at high traffic areas. This makes Munich the most polluted municipality in Germany. Since the transport sector, especially diesel-powered traffic, is the main cause of the limit violations in Munich, a reduction in traffic-related emissions has a particularly great effect. There is an urgent need to increase the number of (locally) emission-free vehicles on Munich's streets. A diverse range of charging infrastructure is particularly important in order to increase user acceptance and make the switch easier.
With the present joint project "München elektrisiert - Me", two areas of the charging infrastructure development that are central to the city of Munich are to be promoted and scientifically supported. The two sub-projects focus on:(1) the establishment of private, commercial and public charging infrastructure in residential buildings, in commerce and in public parking garages and (2) the construction and operation of charging infrastructure on public land by private. The project consortium consists of the city of Munich (LHM), the Forschungsstelle für Energiewirtschaft e. V. (FfE) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM), represented with two chairs.
Associated partners are the Chamber of Crafts for Munich and Upper Bavaria (HWK) and the Chamber of Industry and Commerce for Munich and Upper Bavaria (IHK).
Tasks of the Chair
The sub-project of the Chair of Traffic Engineering and Control at TUM (TUM-VT) in the project “München elektrisiert – Me” can be divided into two central areas:
The first goal is to calculate a demand-based dimensioning and positioning of charging infrastructure in the city of Munich (LHM) and to develop and test intelligent options for temporal control of charging processes using price and reservation methods. It is based on a detailed analysis of the current situation and developed control methods are tested both by means of a simulation and in the real laboratory. The intelligent positioning and control of the charging infrastructure is intended to increase the acceptance and convenience of electromobility and to improve the utilization of charging infrastructure in public spaces. The second goal is to model and calculate the environmental impacts resulting from the higher penetration of electric vehicles. For this purpose, a simple emissions model is developed, which is linked to an existing traffic simulation. In this way, in addition to average emissions savings, impacts on the load during peak hours can be calculated. The aim is to determine the effects of various scenarios with regard to the number of electric vehicles, but also the spatial distribution of the charging infrastructure on local environmental impacts.
|Keywords||Munich, electric mobility, charging points, Sofortprogramm Saubere Luft, charging infrastructure, charging in Munich|
|Funding||Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)|
City of Munich
Forschungsstelle für Energiewirtschaft e.V., Technical University of Munich
Bundeswehr University Munich
Handwerkskammer für München und Oberbayern
Industrie- und Handelskammer für München und Oberbayern